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Hagia Sophia Museum

Hagia Sophia Museum

The Byzantine Emperor I by Justinian I. M.S. 532-537 Between the years has built the old city center in the historic peninsula of Istanbul basilica is planned patriarch cathedral, the receipt by the Turks in Istanbul in 1453 Fatih Sultan Mehmet was converted into a mosque, and today serves as a museum.Hagia Sophia is a domed basilica type building that combines the basilica plan and the central plan in architectural terms and is considered as an important turning point in the history of architecture with the features of the dome passage and the supporting system.The word “sofia” in the name of the building comes from the word sophos, meaning “wisdom” in ancient Greek, not the name of anyone. Thus, “Hagia Sophia” name “holy wisdom” or “divine wisdom” is the means, Orthodox denomination is considered one of the three attributes of God. 6 Miletus of the famous architect century Isidore and Tralles’l the Hagia Sophia that Anthemius Manage construction of the where about 10,000 workers and Justinian is said to spend a large fortune for this job. this is a very old building, some of the columns used in making a feature, doors and stone is that there are brought from older buildings and temples from the building. Byzantine era Constantinople patriarch of the patriarch church and Hagia Sophia, which became the center of the Eastern Orthodox Church, naturally contained a large collection of “sacred relics” at one time.After 1453 converted into a church mosque Ottoman sultan Fatih Sultan of mosaic with large Hoşgör shown by Mehmet has not been destroyed, including human figures (without it is left as is), only covered with a thin plaster and mosaics beneath centuries of plaster could get rid of so natural and artificial destruction. While the mosque was transformed into a museum, a part of the plaster was removed and the mosaics were again taken to daylight. In short, people all over the world today owes a person to see these mosaics: that the art of the Ottoman sultan who loves and respects other religions Fatih Sultan Mehmet. The Hagia Sophia building, which is seen today, is also known as the Third Haghia Sophia since it was the third church built in the same time. The first two churches collapsed during the rebellions. The central dome of Hagia Sophia, which is the largest dome of its time, collapsed several times during the Byzantine period, has ever since the collapse of the retaining wall to add Mimar Sinan building.

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